What is ozone?
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Ozone is an unstable form (activated allotrope) of oxygen that is contained the air. It is a gas that is generated in natural form in the atmosphere, a product of diverse climatic and environmental conditions, and has a scent similar to the one of the "wet earth".
Industrially it is generated applying an electrical tension sufficient to excite oxygen turning it into ozone , by means of ozone generators.
Ozone (o3) is a active form of oxygen (o2) that is characterised by three atoms rather than two. It is slightly heavier than air and at low concentrations smells sweet. However, ozone is an unstable molecule that quickly reverts back to it’s natural stable form of oxygen. Typically ozone is created when a high voltage is introduced to air ionising the oxygen creating ozone.
Ozone was discovered by a German scientist called Schonbein in the 1840’s - when Schonbein was conducting his experiment he detected a distinctive odour that reminded him of the same aroma that occurs after a lightening storm. Schonbein called this substance “ozone”.
Ozone is a naturally created substance and is typically created in the natural world in two ways:
1. Lightening – lightening passes through the air creating ozone from oxygen
2. UV Light - When oxygen is in the presence of 185 Nano Meters (very, very small!) UV light this creates Ozone.
In both cases the natural world is breaking up oxygen molecules to form ozone
We use the same methods as the natural environment but on a smaller scale
Following the process carried out in lightening we recreate the “Corona Discharge” foundin nature. That means we are taking oxygen from the air and forcing it between high voltage plates. This breaks down the oxygen and when it recombines into ozone.
Using UV we take oxygen from air and place in in contact with 185 nano meters of UV using a UV ligh bulb
Ozone is the most powerful oxidant for disinfection water and sanitising surfaces Ozone can kill pathogens (such as the nova virus) in a matter of seconds vs. the amount of minutes for other oxidants Ozone is one of the strongest oxidising agents when it comes to disinfection and distruction of undesirable material e.g. Pathogens, pesticides, taste and colour Ozone does not leave harmful residue as when ozone decomposes – it reverts back to oxygen. Ozone – when used in isolation does not affect PH levels Ozone enhances the flocculation and coagulation of organic materials thereby improving filtration Ozone is very effective in partially oxidising undesirable materials in water into biodegradable components that can be removed by biological filtration.
Ozone = 2.07
Hydrogen Peroxide = 1.77
Chlorine Dioxide 0.95
Chlorite – 0.76
Ozone is an unstable molecule and its life cycle is extremely short - When Ozone is created its quickly reverts back to its original form of oxygen.
Therefore, Ozone cannot be created, stored and transported. This means that to create and use ozone as an an oxidising agent that specialist equipment is required.
However, this negative point could also be seen as being positive as this means that it is not possible to have volumes of potentially harmful and dangerous oxidising agents stored such as hypochlorite or chlorine.
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